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Below are the 6 most recent journal entries recorded in Windows2Linux's LiveJournal:

Saturday, October 23rd, 2010
4:26 am
[opensusein]
Opensuse.in - Suse по-русски
Какой операционной системой вы пользуетесь?Windows, MacOS?А может быть Ubuntu или каким-то другим дистрибутивом? В любом случаи вам стоит попробовать что-то новенькое - операционную систему OpenSUSE .На новом сайте suse.in посвященном  этой системе вы сможете узнать много полезной информации об этой системе, а так же скачать ее если она вас заинтересует.
Разделы сайта:
Tuesday, October 12th, 2010
3:41 pm
[marset]
Ощутимая скорость Windows 7
Выбрав Кипр в качестве места проведения своего отпуска, Вы никогда об этом не пожалеете. Стоит этому, поистине сказочному, острову показаться в иллюминаторе самолёта, как ощущение праздника и красоты поселится надолго в Вашей душе. Читать далее
Tuesday, April 22nd, 2008
9:18 pm
[mirrorworld]
Well, I've not had the time to get together the stuff I wanted to, but I have got some things in the pipeline. It's that damned 'real-life' getting in the way.

So, a tip or two:

Don't be afraid of the command line. This is where linux can really show it's power. Some example things to try are:

"ls" - this will list the files in the current directory. For a bit more info use "ls -l"
"cd" will change the directory you are in.
"cd .." will take you up a directory

Most linux commands have two ways of obtaining information about them. The first is the "-HELP" option. Sometimes you have to use '-H' or '-h' or '--help'. The other way is to see if the command has a manual entry for it. The way to find out is simply to type:

"man " followed by the command. E.g. "man find" or "man cp" etc. If there is information about the command, it will be displayed in a scrolling text screen. Use the up and down cursor keys to view the contents and then press the "Q" key to exit back to the command prompt.

One final thing. If you want to see info about what is going on in your machine, the processes and the memory in use etc, use the "top" command. This will show you what is hugging the CPU and also will allow you to stop rogue tasks etc. Have a play.

Oh, one final final thing. How do you get to the command line. Easy. Find the 'term' or 'xterm' or 'shell' option hidden somewhere amongst the menus in your desktop.

Anyway. Enough for now. I'm still in the office and I want to get home before midnight. I'm not sure about that Cinderella tale, but I don't want to chance it!
Sunday, March 2nd, 2008
12:18 pm
[mirrorworld]
Live CDs
What is a 'Live CD'? In plain English it is a bootable CD that loads an operating system onto your computer without needing to touch the hard drive. This means that you can try out an OS before deciding to install it permanently. Most Live CDs will allow you to use a USB storage device to hold any settings or data.

There is one thing to be warned of when using a live CD. Most will allow you to log in as 'root'. When talking about Linux, if you substitute 'root' with 'god' in your mind (notice the small G, I'm not out to start a religious war here) you will have an understanding of the power of 'root'. Root can do anything it is possible to do, including formatting hard drives, destroying data etc. The rule is simple:

NEVER LOG IN AS ROOT, ALWAYS USE THE GUEST ACCOUNT on a live CD, unless of course you are planning to install it on your system at the time you log in.

While root allows you to do pretty much anything, other user accounts (guest for example) protect you from doing anything potentially disasterous.

There are many many different Live CDs now and the best way to find them is to go to one of the many linux sites or simply use Google to search for 'linux live CD'. When you have found one you want to try, download the ISO image and use some CD burning software (something like Nero) to burn the image to a CD.

How do you actually use a Live CD? Simple. Ensure your computer can boot from it's CD drive (you may need to change the 'boot order' in your BIOS settings) and then pop the Live CD into the drive. Then start the computer. Your Live CD should load without problems on all but the very oldest computers or the very newest computers. This part can take a few minutes. Loading from CD is *much slower* than loading from a hard drive.

Live CD things to remember:

- The more RAM in the computer the better. Most Live CDs require a minimum of 64Mb.

- An OS loaded from a Live CD will run slower than it would if it was installed on the HD.

- If you have enough RAM (768Mb+) some Live CDs will allow you to load them directly into memory meaning the OS will run faster (though still not as fast as a propper install).

- Do not log in as root unless you are confident of what you are doing.

And finally... have fun!
Friday, February 15th, 2008
11:55 am
[mirrorworld]
Distro's
Distros (or distributions) are different versions of Linux. Anyone can (if they have the knowledge) adapt linux and repackage it as they like. These different distros have different aims, looks and feels. There are distros designed for data recovery, servers, fitting into a small space (for example on floppy disk or business card CD) and many many other uses.

There are several main versions of Linux, and most of the distros seen are versions of these.

One thing we ought to get clear is that 'linux' is actually just the central part of the OS, and on its own isn't much use for anything. To use an analogy, linux is like a car engine. Not much use without the surrounding and supporting bits.

The proper name for the car engine in our analogy is 'the kernal'. Different distros surround the kernal with different bits and pieces depending on what the aim of that particular distro is.

I've tried several different distros, including:

Slackware
Mandriva
Suse
Debian
Xandros

and others

The one I finally settled on is called PCLinuxOS. Being a windows user, I found this particular distro more forgiving and easier to get on with than the others.

The thing to do though, is to try several different distros and see which one is best for you. If you aren't brave enough to do this just yet, go for the PCLinuxOS to start with. As with a lot of distros you can install this on your machine alongside windows if you want to.

In the next couple of posts, I'll look at Live CD's and I'll walk through an install of PCLinuxOS.
Wednesday, February 13th, 2008
6:35 pm
[mirrorworld]
Welcome
Welcome to the Windows2Linux community.

Personally, I've found getting to know Linux one hell of a journey. The frustration levels can go through the roof when you hit a brick wall with trying to do something.

There is also a problem with the linux community in that there is an assumed level of knowledge. For example, I wanted to install a piece of software. How could I do it? I'd downloaded the files but didn't know what to do with them. I asked my friends that used linux and got various answer about it depending on what distro I had and how it wasn't simple with linux.

In desperation I posted a message on a forum effectively saying 'treat me like an idiot and tell me step by step what I do with a bog standard install file'. I got more answers along the lines of 'there is no bog standard install' etc etc. One post however, asked what error message I got when I ran the install. After several messages I finally got it through to the person that I didn't know how to even start the install process.

It seemed that no matter what I said to the contrary, people assumed I had begun to install the software and had had problems.

The Linux community is like that. You'll be stuck at C having done A and B, but people will assume you've made it to point D no matter what you say.

Part of the reason for setting up this community is to try and help other people avoid the potholes I've stumbled into on the road to learning linux. It's a rocky road, but a rewarding journey nonetheless.
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